With the passage of time an forthcoming a part of our historical past associated with the subjugation of Sindh has pale away. There is mud settling within the footsteps of Muhammad bin Qasim and his contribution against Sindhâ€™s conquest, making it extraordinarily difficult to understand. The incontrovertible fact that relative enough paintings must be performed can’t be refrained from, and this unmarried reality is stressed out by historians and academicians again and again.
Considered because the historian who has again and again shed gentle on the prejudice and prejudice our historical past books, in particular the textbooks, be afflicted by, Dr Mubarak Ali is a exceptional historian, activist and student to be interviewed on this regard. He has spent maximum of his lifestyles studying, researching and writing concerning the historical past of Pakistan and that of pre-partition subcontinent.
It used to be therefore a minimum of a privilege to interview him. Dr Mubarak Ali proceeded to dispel many misconceptions associated with Muhammad bin Qasimâ€™s marketing campaign to triumph over Sindh.
In basic he seemed to be sceptical of the ideas that we’ve got internalised since our early life, the preferred ideals about Bin Qasimâ€™s invasion, and the site of Deybul or Aror. Following are some excerpts of the interview.
Are Banbhore and Deybul two other names of the similar position? Is it in reality where the place Muhammad bin Qasim began his marketing campaign from? Or is Deybul a web site close to Manora, as some consider?
Dr Mubarak Ali: From no matter shall we acquire from historical past, the perception about Deybul and Banbhore being the similar position is very arguable and unconfirmed. Since no exact puts were preserved with regards to the start of Islam in Sindh, we can not in reality say for a incontrovertible fact that Deybul is if truth be told present-day Banbhore. Deybulâ€™s actual location is nowhere to be present in historical past.
Is it true that a spot close to Sukkur and Rohri is the traditional town of Aror, since Muhammad bin Qasimâ€™s mosque used to be found out there?
Dr Mubarak: Again this can be a topic of significant fear. Similar to the mosque at Aror, there used to be any other one present in Sanghar and other folks have attributed it to Muhammad bin Qasim by hook or by crook as smartly. However, I don’t consider or can say needless to say that the (historic) town close to Rohri is if truth be told Aror. So it’s tricky to determine its lifestyles with complete surety.
Is it true that the Malabar Coast boasted mosques before the graduation of Muhammad bin Qasimâ€™s marketing campaign to take hold of Sindh? Can it’s asserted that Islam existed on this area before Muhammad bin Qasim got here to Sindh?
Dr Mubarak: Islam most effective got here to Sindh after Muhammad bin Qasim arrived right here. Although it used to be army and now not non secular pastime that introduced him right here, Islam didn’t exist within the area previous to Muhammad bin Qasimâ€™s undertaking.
Why Muhammad bin Qasim is referred to as the person liable for Islamâ€™s delivery in Sindh?
Dr Mubarak: (Quotes â€œChachnamaâ€�) There is a large fallacy at the back of the generic remark that Muhammad bin Qasim introduced Islam to Sindh. The basic didn’t come to unfold Islam, however attacked Sindh with the aim of avenging the Hindu act of looting Muslim industry ships. Thenceforth Islam didn’t come as a result of Muhammad bin Qasim. While it did achieve reputation after Sindh used to be conquered by him, it got here as a result of a couple of lesser recognized causes.
Back in 712 AD, Sindh used to be a tribal space with the Alafi tribe in energy. When Muhammad bin Qasim defeated the Hindus, the Sardar in Sindh at the moment embraced Islam. This used to be adopted by a mass conversion of folks after their ruler had a transformation of religion. This is why the Alafis in Sindh are thought to be some of the early converts to Islam.
So much has been stated and written about Muhammad bin Qasim and his achievements. Why havenâ€™t ancient puts like Banbhore and Aror been correctly known and preserved?
Dr Mubarak: As discussed previous, this a part of our historical past is replete with mistaken ideals and has been curated on the root of extremely doubtful information. We don’t if truth be told know the puts connected to Muhammad bin Qasim. It is thus an overly tricky process to track historical past, which is why little to no preservations were undertaken thus far. However, it’s extremely very important to take action before it’s too past due.
Lastly, what do it’s a must to say about the usual of historical past classes and textbooks in our nation?
Dr Mubarak: The state of historical past in class and college-level books could be very vulnerable. The approach we now have checked out historical past since years is not just flawed however biased too. We additionally face a deficit of intellectually sound historians which is why the usual of schooling imparted underneath the topic of historical past isn’t sufficient in any respect.
Turning out to be a perfect sceptic of what we’ve learnt from formative years concerning the creation of Islam in Sindh, Dr Mubarak reiterated the will for digging out details and fact associated with Muhammad bin Qasim. In this brief interview, there used to be something that I learnt needless to say: one will have to all the time be crucial of what knowledge is given to him/her and query it with a view to probe deeper into fact.